Governance for Equitable Development
Democracy is a universally recognised ideal and a core value of the United Nations (UN). It provides the best environment for the protection of human rights. Good governance grounded in accountability, inclusive participation of citizens, and equity is key to developing a nation in a sustainable and inclusive way. Papua New Guinea has had uninterrupted democratic governance since its independence in 1975. However, the country’s governance institutions and processes remain unable to respond fully to the needs of ordinary Papua New Guineans, or to promote equitable development for the most excluded and marginalized groups in society.
The UN supports government and elected representatives in implementing good governance practices coupled with inclusive participation of civil society. The UN provides technical advice at national and sub-national levels to ensure public policy, legislation and administration is more reflective of the concerns of the public. We work with others to improve financial inclusion, public accountability, and anti-corruption to improve service delivery for citizens. The UN also focuses on participation of people in the public sphere and therefore on engagement of civil society organizations, communities and the private sector.
The Millennium Development Goals are a series of targets that set out to halve poverty in the world by 2015. These Goals laid the foundation for the current UN’s Development Assistance Framework in Papua New Guinea, which ends in 2017. Although Papua New Guinea has made important strides to improving the well-being of its citizens and to progressing the Millennium Development Goals, there is still much work to be done.
Through its programmes, the UN strengthens government capacities in evidence-based, equity-oriented policy-making, programme planning, budgeting and monitoring of national and sectoral plans. The UN also supports the Government in collecting better data about the social and economic situation in the country, so that they can analyse and use this data to improve services provided to the people of Papua New Guinea.
In 2015, hot on the heels of the Millennium Development Goals, Papua New Guinea adopted a new set of Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all by 2030 as part of the new global agenda.
Building a peaceful nation is a prerequisite to development. Bougainville was given autonomous status through the 2001 Bougainville Peace Agreement, bringing an end to a 10-year civil conflict. Despite the Agreement and the 2011 Konnou Peace Accord, the situation in Bougainville remains fragile. Bougainvilleans experience socio-economic and political insecurity, coupled with safety concerns, all of which limit their full participation in the peace, recovery and development process.
The UN works closely with the Autonomous Bougainville Government to support recovery, stability, equitable human development and long-term peace. The UN’s work focuses on strengthening the capacities of the Autonomous Bougainville Government and civil society to lead and implement peace and development, based on a decentralised holistic programme designed especially for Bougainville.